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Jewellery design is the art or profession of designing and creating jewellery. Before an article of jewellery is created, design concepts are rendered followed by detailed technical drawings generated by a jewellery designer, a professional who is trained in the architectural and functional knowledge of materials, fabrication techniques, composition, wearability and market trends.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve communications through documentation, and to create a database for manufacturing.
CAM, also known as computer additive manufacturing, refers to processes used to create a three-dimensional jewelry peice in which layers of material are formed under computer control to create a model or the first piece of design
Jewelry Mold making is the procedure used to insure that jewelry items can be accurately duplicated at any time future. The mold making process begins with the creation of a metal model. Models can be as simple as a basic ring or complex as jewelry containing multiple interlinking parts used to create elaborate jewelry.
The wax is created by injecting molten wax into a rubber mould. For desired result, the correct pressures are applied and timed accurately.Wax is used primarily because it retains its shape during the moulding process, and therefore produces excellent results. Additionally, wax burns away cleanly and efficiently.
The casting of gold and silver alloys takes place in a vacuum pressure casting machine. The metal is melted in a graphite crucible that is heated to the correct temperature using an induction coil. When the correct temperature is reached, the skilled operator will instigate the casting process. Firstly, the casting chamber is flushed with helium. This ensures that the any foreign gases are removed. Then a vacuum is applied to the lower chamber, the stopper is lifted in the upper chamber, allowing metal to flow into the mould through the process of gravity. This sequence of events is determined by pre-set programmes to ensure that each stage is activated at the exact time to achieve perfect results. The vacuum is then released and the chamber opens. When the cast tin is removed it is immersed in water to reveal the cast tree.
Filing is used in jewelry mking to remove excess metal, even out surfaces, smooth or to shape, from and texture pieces
Setting of diamond Once the appropriate diamond is selected, the jeweller will set the ring. The facets of the diamond are expertly filed to ensure that the diamond will sit perfectly in its setting. When the diamond is set, the piece of jewellery will be glossed and polished to achieve a vivid sheen and sparkle.
This is the final polish of the piece of jewellery. In polishing, the idea is to add shine to the entire piece of jewellery. Polishing is done after setting of stones and it can be done either by hand or by machine. If the jewellery is hand polished, then the craftsman uses different tools like solid buff, soft buff, hair buff, coin buff, single line ball buff, green rouse for shine, platinum polishing rouse, black lustre for removing casting/filling layers, red rouse to impart shine and white lustre to remove roughness.
Rhodium is a rare, naturally occurring member of the platinum group of metals. It involves covering one metal surface with a very thin layer of another through electrolysis. Rhodium plating adds shine and sparkle to the jewellery piece and helps in resisting tarnishing. When a piece of jewellery is plated with Rhodium, it gives a white reflective appearance and provides the piece of jewellery better resistance to scratches and tarnish. It is used on yellow gold for creating visually appealing patterns and designs. The use of Rhodium plating on white gold is meant for adding whiteness to the gold, since white gold is not so white in its original and pure form.


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